Biography F. Scott Fitzgerald

 Early years 

F. scott fitzgerald
F. scott fitzgerald

Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald was born September 24, 1896, in St. Paul, Minnesota. His namesake Francis Scott Key, who wrote the lyrics of "The Star-Spangled Banner." Fitzgerald's mother, Mary McQuillan, was an Irish Catholic family who made a fortune in the wholesale grocery Minnesota. his father, Edward Fitzgerald, had opened a business of wicker furniture in St. Paul, and when he took a job selling Procter & Gamble took his family back and forth between Buffalo and Syracuse, New York during the first decade of the life of Fitzgerald. However, Edward Fitzgerald lost his job at Procter & Gamble in 1908, when F. Scott Fitzgerald was 12, and the family moved to St. Paul to live with the legacy of his mother.

Fitzgerald was a smart guy, handsome and ambitious, the pride and joy of his parents and especially his mother. He attended St. Paul Academy and at age 13 he had his first piece of writing appears in the press: a detective novel published in the school newspaper. In 1911, when Fitzgerald was 15, his parents sent him to school in Newman a prestigious Catholic prep school in New Jersey. There he met Father Sigourney Fay, who noticed his burgeoning talent with writing and encouraged him to pursue his literary ambitions.

After graduating from Newman School in 1913, Fitzgerald decided to stay in New Jersey to continue his artistic development at the University of Princeton. At Princeton, who worked tirelessly to perfect her craft as a writer, writing musicals Princeton Triangle Club famous scripts, as well as frequent articles for the Princeton Tiger humor magazine and the stories of the literary magazine Nassau. However, Fitzgerald was writing at the expense of their course. He was placed on probation and in 1917, he left school to join the army. Lest he die in the First World War, with its unfulfilled literary dreams in the weeks before reporting to work in a hurry Fitzgerald wrote a novel called The Romantic Egotist. Although children of publisher Charles Scribner rejected the novel, critic said originality and encouraged Fitzgerald to have more work in the future.

Fitzgerald was commissioned a second lieutenant in the infantry and was assigned to Camp Sheridan in Montgomery, Alabama. It was there that he met and fell in love with a beautiful young 18 year old girl named Zelda Sayre, the daughter of a judge of the Supreme Court of Alabama. The war ended in 1919, before Fitzgerald was never applied, and after his release, he moved to New York City in hopes of starting a career in the lucrative enough advertising to convince Zelda to marry him , However, he quit his job after a few months, and returned to St. Paul to rewrite his novel.

New incarnation of the novel, This Side of Paradise, a largely autobiographical story about love and greed, Amory Blaine focused on an ambitious Falls Midwest, but ultimately rejected by two girls high class. The novel was published in 1920 to good reviews and became overnight Fitzgerald, at the age of 24 years, in one of the country's most promising young writers. A week after the publication of the novel, he married Zelda Sayre in New York. They had a son, a daughter, Frances Scott Fitzgerald, born in 1921.

F. ScottFitzgerald eagerly embraced his new celebrity status and embarked on an extravagant lifestyle, which earned him a reputation as a playboy and hindered his reputation as a serious literary writer. From 1920 and for the rest of his career, Fitzgerald is supported by writing a large number of short stories for popular publications such as The Saturday Evening Post and Esquire. Some of his most notable stories include "The Diamond as Big as the Ritz", "The Curious Case of Benjamin Button", "yellow" and "The Last of the Belles". In 1922 Fitzgerald published his second novel, The Beautiful and the Damned, the history of troubled marriage of Anthony and Gloria Patch. Beauty and the Damned helped cement his status as one of the greatest satirical writers and cultural wealth, extravagance and ambition that has emerged during the prosperity of the 1920s, the so-called the Jazz Age. It was a time of miracles, "wrote Fitzgerald," was a time of art, it was a time of excess, and it was an age of satire. "

Looking for a change of scenery to spark your creativity, Fitzgerald in 1924 moved to France, and was there Valescure Fitzgerald wrote his best novel, The Great Gatsby. Published in 1925, The Great Gatsby is told by Nick Carraway, the Midwest who moves to the town of West Egg, Long Island, next to a mansion belonging to the wealthy and mysterious Jay Gatsby. The novel follows Nick and Gatsby strange friendship and the pursuit of a married woman named Daisy Gatsby, ultimately leading to the exhibition as a passer and his death. With its beautiful lyricism height perfect portrait of the Jazz Age, and seek criticism of materialism, love and the American Dream, The Great Gatsby is considered Fitzgerald's finest work. Although the book was well received when it was published, it was not until the 1950s and 1960s, long after the death of Fitzgerald, who has reached his stature as the definitive portrait of the "Roaring Twenties" and one of greatest American novels ever written.

After finishing The Great Gatsby, Fitzgerald's life began to crumble. Always a heavy drinker, steady progress in alcoholism and suffered prolonged writer's block episodes.

His wife Zelda also suffered from mental health problems as they spent the 1920s, which reciprocates between Delaware and France. In 1930, he was briefly committed to a mental health clinic in Switzerland, and after Fitzgerald returned to the United States in 1931, suffered another crisis and entered Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore. In 1934, after years of hard work, Fitzgerald finally published his fourth novel, Tender is the Night, about an American psychiatrist in Paris and his troubled marriage to a wealthy patient. While Tender is the Night was a commercial failure and was initially well received because of its disordered structure chronologically, which has since grown in popularity and is now considered one of the great American novels.

After two years lost due to alcohol and depression in 1937, she tried to revive his career as a freelance writer and storyteller in Hollywood, and a modest financial success, if not critical, success their efforts. He began work on another novel, The Love of the Last Tycoon, in 1939, and had completed more than half of the manuscript when he died of a heart attack December 21, 1940, at the age of 44 years .

F. Scott Fitzgerald died believing himself a failure. None of his works have received nothing but the modest critical and commercial success during his lifetime. However, since his death, Fitzgerald has earned a reputation as one of the most important authors in the history of American literature, almost entirely due to the huge success of The Great Gatsby posthumously. As perhaps the quintessential American novel, and a definitive social history of the Jazz Age, The Great Gatsby has become almost required reading for all American high school students in the last half-century, and had a transportive effect of generations of readers.

The Beautiful and Damned (New York: Scribners, 1922) F. Scott Fitzgerald

The Beautiful and Damned (New York: Scribners, 1922) F. Scott Fitzgerald
Published in 1922, The Beautiful and Damned is the second novel by Fitzgerald and was more interested in reading after Gatsby. It is divided into three main parts, and then subdivided into sections that seem to reflect the fragmented pieces of related experience married life. These bites are ideal for short bursts of reading, especially running. The novel begins with the introduction of Anthony Patch, a young man, a scholar and a little nervous with a tendency to apathy and laziness, living in his New York apartment. His grandfather, a religious and immensely rich magnate famous is the key to his eventual succession. Anthony was presented to Gloria, one of the many beautiful desirable Fitzgerald vain and spoiled. After dating for a little shaky, the couple decides to get married. What follows is a portrait of his early married life with reckless extravagances and overwhelming lethargy which gradually leads to alcoholism, pending bankruptcy and the deterioration of their relationship.

The style of the book is largely experimental, ranging from standard prose, playful philosophical perspectives, fantasy and even some short films (some critics believe he should have been edited out) alternately. Personally, I liked the stylistic differences and found that more flavor add tumultuous text. The story itself was also suitably attractive, especially in the last third of the novel I lashed at breakneck speed. Perhaps the greatest achievement of Fitzgerald in The Beautiful and Damned created two empty immensely dis likeable characters meaning and end of the novel were able to engage our sympathies. Anthony Patch, for example, must be one of the most pathetic characters of all time fiction, the essence of the roll, the work is not shy with a little determination. Yet one can not help but feel a little sorry for the miserable coward. Gloria also cut a tragic figure that the woman has a husband so that, despite its relentless selfishness, which attracts the attention of pathos when her beauty begins to fade.

Often compared to a call for bids is premature at night, I would say that this representation before civil collapse is actually higher. There was a certain recklessness that runs that served as a welcome to the intensity of brooding tender change. The novel is often very funny, in particular the chapter attempts Anthony jump in sales recruitment agency disastrous. The passages on drunkenness and alcohol are clearly written by a man with a lot of experience on the other side of reality and descriptions of the mouth following woods are some of the best I've read. As Tender, marriage is a biographical story confessed Zelda Fitzgerald and a scathing critique of indolent leisure classes, to which he belonged. Ultimately, like many of his novels, The Beautiful and Damned is a story about failure. We are aware of a wealth of slow and humiliating poverty and the result is a hauntingly beautiful abandon dignity. Sure to be appreciated by anyone who fell from a great height.

This Side of Paradise (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1920) F. Scott Fitzgerald

This Side of Paradise F. Scott Fitzgerald

Fitzgerald's first novel set a precedent for what would be his chronic career of the jazz age America through fiction. This Side of Paradise, published in 1920, originally titled "selfish romantic" and "character education," follows the exploits of Princeton College Student Amory Blaine. From character has much in common with the author, which makes the book largely autobiographical. was composed of several pieces of writing Fitzgerald has accumulated over the years in college and later during their service in the war. Consequently, the plot is fragmented and experimental from fluctuating views, poems, letters, plays and long streams of consciousness. makes the novel as talent, intelligence and a great promise for future work as an independent piece, text balloons and Columns point of boredom.

Amory Blaine, the Midwest and a nice start with an appreciation of literature, comes to Princeton pretentious, narcissistic, selfish. His constant search for a sense of identity and purpose reflects the mood of the post-war youth. This Side of Paradise is actually a Bildungsroman, tracing the moral development of young Amory an egocentric to a contemplative nature selfish. Several problems with the girls you along the way, each doomed to failure as the protagonist commit or facilitate the necessary wealth. His indecisive nature puts Anthony Patch next novel Fitzgerald, The Beautiful and Damned, sometimes they are almost indistinguishable. Despite the sense of pathos that dwells in both, and the characters are emotionally appealing to the average reader. Unlike Anthony thorns Amory even marry the girl of your choice, Rosalind spoiled debutante. His repeated failures to life and marriage marked as tragic outcast.

My biggest problem with this side of heaven was not so much the inertia of the protagonist, but the general lack of clarity in the text. An excess of literary and cultural references I was very specific and often puzzled because no characters have been described in particular generally lost track of who they were. I found the various interests of tedious, repetitive and unnecessary love the pace of the plot was heavy and nowhere I find particularly intrigued by what was happening. To be fair to Fitzgerald, was his first novel and although it was repeatedly rejected before publication, which is experiencing a public instant success. The key to this success is undoubtedly its inventiveness, because it was the modern literature as never seen before. The irony is that even after his older novels were never as high critical acclaim in his life. As Amory, he was a man who peaked too early and had increased everywhere. It is recommended to readers a more philosophical bent.