|F. scott fitzgerald|
Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald was born September 24, 1896, in St. Paul, Minnesota. His namesake Francis Scott Key, who wrote the lyrics of "The Star-Spangled Banner." Fitzgerald's mother, Mary McQuillan, was an Irish Catholic family who made a fortune in the wholesale grocery Minnesota. his father, Edward Fitzgerald, had opened a business of wicker furniture in St. Paul, and when he took a job selling Procter & Gamble took his family back and forth between Buffalo and Syracuse, New York during the first decade of the life of Fitzgerald. However, Edward Fitzgerald lost his job at Procter & Gamble in 1908, when F. Scott Fitzgerald was 12, and the family moved to St. Paul to live with the legacy of his mother.
Fitzgerald was a smart guy, handsome and ambitious, the pride and joy of his parents and especially his mother. He attended St. Paul Academy and at age 13 he had his first piece of writing appears in the press: a detective novel published in the school newspaper. In 1911, when Fitzgerald was 15, his parents sent him to school in Newman a prestigious Catholic prep school in New Jersey. There he met Father Sigourney Fay, who noticed his burgeoning talent with writing and encouraged him to pursue his literary ambitions.
After graduating from Newman School in 1913, Fitzgerald decided to stay in New Jersey to continue his artistic development at the University of Princeton. At Princeton, who worked tirelessly to perfect her craft as a writer, writing musicals Princeton Triangle Club famous scripts, as well as frequent articles for the Princeton Tiger humor magazine and the stories of the literary magazine Nassau. However, Fitzgerald was writing at the expense of their course. He was placed on probation and in 1917, he left school to join the army. Lest he die in the First World War, with its unfulfilled literary dreams in the weeks before reporting to work in a hurry Fitzgerald wrote a novel called The Romantic Egotist. Although children of publisher Charles Scribner rejected the novel, critic said originality and encouraged Fitzgerald to have more work in the future.
Fitzgerald was commissioned a second lieutenant in the infantry and was assigned to Camp Sheridan in Montgomery, Alabama. It was there that he met and fell in love with a beautiful young 18 year old girl named Zelda Sayre, the daughter of a judge of the Supreme Court of Alabama. The war ended in 1919, before Fitzgerald was never applied, and after his release, he moved to New York City in hopes of starting a career in the lucrative enough advertising to convince Zelda to marry him , However, he quit his job after a few months, and returned to St. Paul to rewrite his novel.
New incarnation of the novel, This Side of Paradise, a largely autobiographical story about love and greed, Amory Blaine focused on an ambitious Falls Midwest, but ultimately rejected by two girls high class. The novel was published in 1920 to good reviews and became overnight Fitzgerald, at the age of 24 years, in one of the country's most promising young writers. A week after the publication of the novel, he married Zelda Sayre in New York. They had a son, a daughter, Frances Scott Fitzgerald, born in 1921.
F. ScottFitzgerald eagerly embraced his new celebrity status and embarked on an extravagant lifestyle, which earned him a reputation as a playboy and hindered his reputation as a serious literary writer. From 1920 and for the rest of his career, Fitzgerald is supported by writing a large number of short stories for popular publications such as The Saturday Evening Post and Esquire. Some of his most notable stories include "The Diamond as Big as the Ritz", "The Curious Case of Benjamin Button", "yellow" and "The Last of the Belles". In 1922 Fitzgerald published his second novel, The Beautiful and the Damned, the history of troubled marriage of Anthony and Gloria Patch. Beauty and the Damned helped cement his status as one of the greatest satirical writers and cultural wealth, extravagance and ambition that has emerged during the prosperity of the 1920s, the so-called the Jazz Age. It was a time of miracles, "wrote Fitzgerald," was a time of art, it was a time of excess, and it was an age of satire. "
Looking for a change of scenery to spark your creativity, Fitzgerald in 1924 moved to France, and was there Valescure Fitzgerald wrote his best novel, The Great Gatsby. Published in 1925, The Great Gatsby is told by Nick Carraway, the Midwest who moves to the town of West Egg, Long Island, next to a mansion belonging to the wealthy and mysterious Jay Gatsby. The novel follows Nick and Gatsby strange friendship and the pursuit of a married woman named Daisy Gatsby, ultimately leading to the exhibition as a passer and his death. With its beautiful lyricism height perfect portrait of the Jazz Age, and seek criticism of materialism, love and the American Dream, The Great Gatsby is considered Fitzgerald's finest work. Although the book was well received when it was published, it was not until the 1950s and 1960s, long after the death of Fitzgerald, who has reached his stature as the definitive portrait of the "Roaring Twenties" and one of greatest American novels ever written.
After finishing The Great Gatsby, Fitzgerald's life began to crumble. Always a heavy drinker, steady progress in alcoholism and suffered prolonged writer's block episodes.
His wife Zelda also suffered from mental health problems as they spent the 1920s, which reciprocates between Delaware and France. In 1930, he was briefly committed to a mental health clinic in Switzerland, and after Fitzgerald returned to the United States in 1931, suffered another crisis and entered Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore. In 1934, after years of hard work, Fitzgerald finally published his fourth novel, Tender is the Night, about an American psychiatrist in Paris and his troubled marriage to a wealthy patient. While Tender is the Night was a commercial failure and was initially well received because of its disordered structure chronologically, which has since grown in popularity and is now considered one of the great American novels.
After two years lost due to alcohol and depression in 1937, she tried to revive his career as a freelance writer and storyteller in Hollywood, and a modest financial success, if not critical, success their efforts. He began work on another novel, The Love of the Last Tycoon, in 1939, and had completed more than half of the manuscript when he died of a heart attack December 21, 1940, at the age of 44 years .
F. Scott Fitzgerald died believing himself a failure. None of his works have received nothing but the modest critical and commercial success during his lifetime. However, since his death, Fitzgerald has earned a reputation as one of the most important authors in the history of American literature, almost entirely due to the huge success of The Great Gatsby posthumously. As perhaps the quintessential American novel, and a definitive social history of the Jazz Age, The Great Gatsby has become almost required reading for all American high school students in the last half-century, and had a transportive effect of generations of readers.